Why compost?When we compost we are helping the earth and preventing the release of methane production. Methane is a potent greenhouse gas that is a main contributor to global warming. When we use the composting substance and add it to our garden we are organically supporting the soil and therefore helping the garden grow. Composting Benefits:
- Soil Conditioner
- Good for the environment
- Diverts waste to the landfill
Compost basics:The composting pile will thrive with a good balance nitrogen (greens) and carbon (browns). Organic materials like eggshells, hair, fingernails and pure cotton can also be added . Never compost meat, dairy, bones or pet feces. The three basic ingredients for composting are browns, greens and water.
- Wet/Greens are grass clippings, fruit scraps, vegetable scraps and coffee grounds.
- Dry/Browns are hay, twigs, dead leaves, paper napkins, newspaper and branches.
- Water with correct amount combined with the browns and greens.
=>>A healthy compost pile should have much more carbon than nitrogen-2/3 carbon versus 1/3 nitrogen<<=
=>>With the proper balance the compost bin will not have a bad odor-too much green will make it smell<<=
How to compost in a bin:
Making a compost bin in a plastic trash can is more economical that buying a composter which range from $99-$150. Here are some directions for how to compost in a bin. You will need the following: plastic trash can with lid, 3 bricks, 1/2 inch drill bit and a drill.
- Choose a trash can or plastic container with a lid that is at least 3 x 3 and store on top of the 3 bricks for aeration
- Drill holes in the bottom and lower sides of the container for aeration reasons
- Create a base using shredded newspaper or dry leaves (carbon) about 1/4 full
- Add cow manure which is good for the soil because cows eat grass (don’t add pet feces)
- Add dirt to make the container 1/2 full
- Add cutup food scraps or paper products, ex. fruit, veggie scraps, stale crackers or bread, coffee grounds and paper coffee filters, tea bags and tea, dead plants and flowers, eggshells, hay, grass clippings.
- Be sure to cover greens with browns to prevent pests and odors
- Then finally add water until the pile is damp, if the water drains through too fast then start over and add a burlap to the base
- Repeat layers until the compacted pile is at least 3 ft high and mix at least once per week
- Keep the lid on to keep pests out and free from too much rain water
- Look for steaming. A hot steamy compost pile is good and means a large community of microscopic organisms are working hard to make compost
- When it resembles soil more than debris and is crumbly then it is ready. Be sure to take out the large pieces that have not decomposed
- It’s now ready to use!!
=>>Roll your compost bin around the yard once per week to keep the contents mixed<<=
=>>Be sure add water and aerate compost pile thoroughly<<=
=>>Compost is a living soil amendment!<<=